The Prosecution of Pirates Was a Model For Today’s System of International Justice

Mark Chadwick, Nottingham Trent University The Nuremberg and Tokyo trials, convened in the aftermath of World War II, are usually identified as the start of modern international criminal law. Prosecutions of international crime today take place either at international courts such as the permanent International Criminal Court in The Hague or, increasingly, in domestic courts,…

How the Ancient Egyptian Economy Laid The Groundwork for Building The Pyramids

Andreas Winkler, University of Oxford In the shadow of the pyramids of Giza, lie the tombs of the courtiers and officials of the kings buried in the far greater structures. These men and women were the ones responsible for building the pyramids: the architects, military men, priests, and high-ranking state administrators. The latter were the…

How a Changing Landscape and Climate Shaped Early Humans

It should not be a surprise that East Africa was a hotbed of evolution, because over the last five million years everything about the landscape has changed. The extraordinary forces of plate tectonics and a changing climate have transformed East Africa from a relatively flat, forested region to a mountainous fragmented landscape dominated by the…

Gender and Age of “Black Sarcophagus” Skeletons Identified

The genders, ages and height of the three “Black Sarcophagus” skeletons found in Alexandria in July have been identified says the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities, the team also finding gold chips from badges which are set to be identified. Discovered in July, it was speculated that the remains were likely to have been soldiers or…

Ancient Sphinx Statue Possibly Discovered in Egypt

Experts in Egypt believe that a statue of a sphinx may have been discovered in Luxor. Discovered between the temples of Karnak and Luxor during the construction of the new Al-Kabbash Road, the statue is said to have the body of a lion and the face of a man, the same as the famous Great…

Two New Middle Kingdom Tombs Discovered in Egypt

Two new tombs have been accidentally uncovered in Egypt, both said to be of high-ranking officials from the Middle Kingdom period (c. 2050 BC-1710 BC), and more particularly the 11th dynasty. The tombs were uncovered when a joint Egyptian-Australian mission from Maquarie University were cleaning a tomb at the Beni Hassan necropolis 20km to the…

Taking A Look Inside the Egyptian “Black Sarcophagus”

With tales of doom and disaster proven (surprisingly) to be false and no rampaging return for Imhotep, perhaps it’s finally safe to take a look inside the infamous black sarcophagus recently unearthed in Egypt, a 27 tonne, 9ft by 5ft structure that has remained untouched since its original burial, the largest sarcophagus to ever be…