The Prosecution of Pirates Was a Model For Today’s System of International Justice

Mark Chadwick, Nottingham Trent University The Nuremberg and Tokyo trials, convened in the aftermath of World War II, are usually identified as the start of modern international criminal law. Prosecutions of international crime today take place either at international courts such as the permanent International Criminal Court in The Hague or, increasingly, in domestic courts,…

How Stereo Was First Sold To a Skeptical Public

Jonathan Schroeder, Rochester Institute of Technology and Janet Borgerson, DePaul University When we hear the word “stereo” today, we might simply think of a sound system, as in “turn on the stereo.” But stereo actually is a specific technology, like video streaming or the latest espresso maker. Sixty years ago, it was introduced for the…

Is The Famous Oak Island Lead Cross Really No Such Thing?

Of all the finds on History’s The Curse of Oak Island, perhaps none has sparked as much debate as the “lead cross” found during Season Five by detectorist Gary Drayton at Smith’s Cove on the island. The cross, which has been spuriously linked to the Knights Templar by the show, is of lead construction and…

The Myth of the American Frontier Still Shapes U.S. Racial Divides

J.M. Opal, McGill University When Americans study their 19th-century history, they tend to look at its great conflicts, especially the epic clash over slavery. They are less likely to recall its broad areas of agreement. But what if those agreements are still shaping the present? What if Americans are still coping with their effects? The…

In 1968, Computers Got Personal: How The ‘Mother of all Demos’ Changed The World

On a crisp California afternoon in early December 1968, a square-jawed, mild-mannered Stanford researcher named Douglas Engelbart took the stage at San Francisco’s Civic Auditorium and proceeded to blow everyone’s mind about what computers could do. Sitting down at a keyboard, this computer-age Clark Kent calmly showed a rapt audience of computer engineers how the…

How Black Slaves Were Routinely Sold as ‘Specimens’ to Ambitious White Doctors

The history of human experimentation is as old as the practice of medicine and in the modern era has always targeted disadvantaged, marginalised, institutionalised, stigmatised and vulnerable populations: prisoners, the condemned, orphans, the mentally ill, students, the poor, women, the disabled, children, peoples of colour, indigenous peoples and the enslaved. Human subject research is evident…

Lost City of Etzanoa Now Open To Public In Kansas

The lost city of Etzanoa, one of the largest Native American archeological sites in the entire United States, has been opened to the public. Located in Arkansas City, Kansas, experts believe the site may exceed the size of the Cahokia Mounds. Using new translations of Spanish conquistador documents that were compiled by researchers at the University of California…